s here -->

Dual booting Windows and Ubuntu allows you to harness the strengths of both operating systems on a single machine. Whether you’re a developer looking to explore Linux or a casual user interested in trying out new software, this guide will walk you through the step-by-step process of setting up a dual boot system.

Prerequisites: Before getting started, ensure you have the following:

  1. A computer with Windows installed.
  2. Sufficient free disk space for Ubuntu (at least 20-30GB is recommended).
  3. A USB drive (at least 4GB) for creating a bootable Ubuntu installation media.
  4. Backup your important data to prevent data loss during the installation process.

Step 1: Download Ubuntu

Visit the official Ubuntu website (https://ubuntu.com/) and download the latest LTS (Long Term Support) version of Ubuntu. LTS releases offer stability and long-term support, making them ideal for dual boot setups.

Step 2: Create Ubuntu Installation Media

  1. Insert the USB drive into your computer.
  2. Download and install Rufus (https://rufus.ie/) or balenaEtcher (https://www.balena.io/etcher/) – tools for creating bootable USB drives.
  3. Open Rufus or balenaEtcher and select the Ubuntu ISO file you downloaded.
  4. Choose your USB drive as the target device and click “Start” to create the bootable Ubuntu installation media.

Step 3: Partitioning the Hard Drive

  1. Press Win + X and select “Disk Management” to open Disk Management in Windows.
  2. Right-click on the partition containing Windows (usually labeled as “C:”) and select “Shrink Volume.”
  3. Specify the amount of space to shrink, leaving enough room for Ubuntu (at least 20-30GB).
  4. Once the shrink operation is complete, you’ll see unallocated space on your hard drive.

Step 4: Disable Fast Startup (Optional)

For a smoother dual boot experience, it’s recommended to disable Fast Startup in Windows:

  1. Go to Control Panel > Power Options.
  2. Click on “Choose what the power buttons do” on the left sidebar.
  3. Click on “Change settings that are currently unavailable.”
  4. Uncheck the box next to “Turn on fast startup (recommended).”
  5. Save changes and exit.

Step 5: Install Ubuntu

  1. Insert the bootable Ubuntu USB drive into your computer and restart it.
  2. Access the boot menu (usually by pressing F12 or ESC during startup) and select the USB drive as the boot device.
  3. Choose “Install Ubuntu” from the boot menu.
  4. Follow the on-screen prompts to select language, keyboard layout, and other preferences.
  5. When prompted to choose an installation type, select “Install Ubuntu alongside Windows” or choose the “Something else” option for manual partitioning.
  6. Allocate the previously created free space for Ubuntu installation.
  7. Complete the installation process by providing your name, password, and other details as required.
  8. Once the installation is complete, restart your computer.
Detailed explanation of what each step entails when choosing the “Something else” option:
  1. Selecting the Installation Disk: When you reach the installation type screen, choose the “Something else” option.
  2. Partition Table Overview: You’ll be presented with a list of partitions on your hard drive(s). This includes existing partitions created by Windows as well as any free space you’ve allocated earlier.
  3. Creating Partitions:
    • Select the Free Space: Highlight the unallocated space you created earlier and click the “+” button to create a new partition.
    • Specify Partition Size: Enter the desired size for your Ubuntu partition. It’s recommended to allocate at least 20-30GB for Ubuntu, but you can adjust this according to your needs.
    • Select Partition Type: Choose the “Primary” or “Logical” option for the partition type. In most cases, “Primary” is sufficient.
    • Set Mount Point: Select “/” (root) as the mount point. This is where the Ubuntu operating system files will be installed.
  4. Additional Partitions (Optional):
    • Swap Partition: It’s recommended to create a swap partition equal to the size of your RAM, especially if you have less than 8GB of RAM. To create a swap partition, repeat the steps above, but set the mount point as “swap.”
    • Home Partition: If you want to separate your home directory from the root partition for easier data management and potential future upgrades, you can create a separate partition and set its mount point to “/home”.
  5. Finalizing the Setup: Once you’ve created all the necessary partitions, review your selections to ensure they’re correct. Then, proceed with the installation process as usual by clicking “Install Now” or similar.
  6. Installation Progress: Ubuntu will now be installed on the partitions you’ve specified. This may take some time depending on your system’s specifications.
  7. Completing the Installation: Follow the remaining prompts to set up your user account, time zone, and other preferences. Once the installation is complete, restart your computer.

By choosing the “Something else” option, you have full control over the partitioning process, allowing you to tailor the setup to your specific requirements and preferences. However, it’s essential to exercise caution and double-check your partition configurations to avoid any unintended data loss.

Step 6: Finalizing the Setup

Upon restarting your computer, you’ll be greeted with a boot menu allowing you to choose between Windows and Ubuntu. Select the desired operating system to boot into it.

Conclusion: Congratulations! You’ve successfully set up a dual boot system with Windows and Ubuntu. Enjoy the versatility and power of both operating systems, and don’t hesitate to explore the vast ecosystem of Linux software and customization options available in Ubuntu. Dual booting provides an excellent opportunity to learn and experiment with Linux while retaining the familiarity of Windows for day-to-day tasks. Happy dual booting!

Categories: Technical

0 Comments

Leave a Reply

Avatar placeholder

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *